We endorse the United Nations Global Compact with respect to human rights. The compact’s 10 principles provide that businesses should support and respect the protection of internationally proclaimed human rights and ensure that they are not complicit in human rights abuses.
In our work environment, we respect human rights primarily by providing safe and healthy working conditions for our employees and ensuring non-discrimination in human resource practices. In our communities, we respect human rights by contributing our time to the well-being of the communities in which we operate and in striving to do no harm. We believe we influence the standards of conduct in these communities by living our values.
Our ability to directly influence the standards of conduct of people we do not employ occurs where a supplier or contractor is working in, or delivering products or materials directly to, our facilities. In those cases, we mandate practices, such as compliance with our environmental, health, and safety standards. We also conduct audits of new suppliers to ensure they meet our safety standards and values before they supply materials to our company. Our suppliers typically provide materials that we manufacture into products. We do not generally outsource manufacturing, where some of the human rights issues arise.
Within our operations, we strive to implement our Human Rights Policy while operating in many diverse locations. In Juruti, Brazil, for example, we are working with local traditional communities in acquiring basic living needs, such as clean water, health care, and urban and rural infrastructure, that are not only necessary for a higher quality of life, but also for the development of small and micro businesses in those communities. (See a case study published in the World Resources Report.)
For new major projects, we conduct environmental, social, and health impact studies in the earliest stages of development. Among other things, these studies investigate how the project could potentially affect the livelihoods and health of local communities. We then implement mitigation strategies that help ensure we are not complicit in human rights abuses.
Some mitigation strategies from past projects include the following:
- Creating a communication and grievance mechanism to ensure community and individual concerns are adequately addressed;
- Having a code of conduct for workers and contractors that outlines behavior that is not allowed during and outside of work;
- Providing cultural sensitivity training for our workers;
- Having a zero alcohol/drug use policy at work;
- Providing health education programs for the community and our workforce; and
- Investing in infrastructure to support the health of communities and to alleviate the burden on communities caused by our actions.
One of our key challenges in the human rights area is ensuring our policy is integrated throughout our global operations. This is difficult, but we have created numerous methods to first instill compliance and then identify incidents of non-compliance.
Human Rights Training
We have a mandatory human rights training course that select employees must complete as part of their standard training curriculum.
Nearly 5,000 employees
have completed the course since its initial deployment in
In 2012, we expanded the training population to include employees in entry-level professional roles and above. As a result, more than 18,000 employees will, over a period of time, be enrolled in the online human rights training course.
Hotlines, Certifications, and Audits
By publicly posting our policy on alcoa.com, stakeholders worldwide can alert us to potential issues with this policy. Our internal systems also support compliance with our policy. For example, we have a robust and mature Ethics & Compliance Line for employees and external stakeholders to report alleged violations of law and our policies on a confidential basis and in their own language.
Annually, we conduct a Business Conduct and Conflict of Interest Survey that requires certification of compliance with all business conduct (including applicable laws and regulations), anti-corruption, and conflict of interest policies. In the jurisdictions in which we employ a majority of our employees, there are laws applicable to most of the areas dealt with in our Human Rights Policy, including child labor, freedom of engagement, equality of opportunity, and compensation.
We also have a rigorous internal audit system that includes, as part of a site visit, interviews with all key location managers on compliance with local laws. A specific interview question pertains to management compliance with our Human Rights Policy.
Slavery and Human Trafficking
California (USA) law requires companies like Alcoa that conduct business in that state to disclose the efforts they have taken to eliminate slavery and human trafficking from their supply chains.
As such, the following description of the efforts we have taken is intended to meet this requirement.
As stated in our Supplier Standards and demonstrated by our support of the United Nations Global Compact, Alcoa strictly prohibits the use of slave labor and engagement in human trafficking and requires all suppliers to acknowledge and comply with our prohibition. Alcoa requires that all of our suppliers conduct business in a manner that respects human rights.
In addition, we require every supplier to comply with all applicable laws, rules, regulations, orders, conventions, ordinances or standards. This requirement includes complying with all laws related to the prohibition of human trafficking and slave labor.
While we do not have a formal process to evaluate the risks of human trafficking and slavery within our global supply chain, we are cognizant of the geographic regions of the world where such risks are elevated. We take appropriate action to increase our scrutiny of our supply partners operating in those areas.
We also survey and audit a portion of our suppliers each year to assess their adherence to our overall supplier standards. However, we currently do not conduct any specific audits to assess compliance in regards to our prohibition of slave labor and human trafficking.
We do not require our direct suppliers to certify that materials incorporated into their products comply with slavery and human trafficking laws of the country or countries in which they do business.
If a supplier fails to comply with any of our requirements, including those regarding slavery and human trafficking, we will take appropriate action. This can include canceling all contracts and alerting local authorities of any suspected or confirmed illegal activity.
All Alcoa employees with direct responsibility for supply chain management have been presented with Alcoa’s Human Rights Policy and are highly knowledgeable about our Supplier Standards. Every Alcoa employee is required to comply with all of the laws and regulations of the jurisdictions in which we operate, including those related to the prohibition of human trafficking and slave labor.