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July 11, 2011

Alcoa Second Quarter Income from Continuing Operations Jumps 138 Percent, Revenue Rises 27 Percent over Year-Ago Quarter

Highlights:
  • Income from continuing operations of $326 million, or $0.28 per share, up 138 percent compared to second quarter 2010; excluding negative impact of special items, income from continuing operations of $364 million, or $0.32 per share
  • Revenue of $6.6 billion, up 27 percent over second quarter 2010 and 11 percent over first quarter 2011
  • Record profitability in mid- and down-stream businesses
  • Cash from operations of $798 million
  • Free cash flow of $526 million
  • Debt-to-capital ratio of 32.6 percent and cash on hand of $1.3 billion
  • Reduced days working capital from 43 in second quarter 2010 to 37
  • Reaffirm projection for 12 percent growth in global aluminum demand for 2011


NEW YORK--Alcoa’s (NYSE: AA) second quarter 2011 income from continuing operations jumped 138 percent compared to a year ago on growing revenue, record quarterly alumina revenue and record mid- and down-stream performance, the Company announced today.

Income from continuing operations was $326 million for second quarter 2011, or $0.28 per share. Excluding the negative impact for special items of $38 million, income from continuing operations was $364 million, or $0.32 per share.

Second quarter 2011 income from continuing operations was up 138 percent from second quarter 2010 income of $137 million, or $0.13 per share, and up 6 percent from first quarter 2011 income of $309 million, or $0.27 per share.

Net income for second quarter 2011 was $322 million, or $0.28 per share, compared to net income in second quarter 2010 of $136 million, or $0.13 per share, and net income in first quarter 2011 of $308 million, or $0.27 per share.

“We turned in another strong quarter, with solid revenue and earnings growth,” said Alcoa Chairman and CEO Klaus Kleinfeld. “Across the Company, our team is delivering outstanding results through our constant focus on execution and by reinventing what customers believe is possible through innovation.

“Although the economic recovery is uneven, the overall outlook for Alcoa - and for aluminum - remains positive,” Kleinfeld said. “Demand for aluminum continues to rise and so does growth in our major markets. These factors support our projection that aluminum demand will grow 12 percent this year and will double by 2020.”

The sequential increase in income from continuing operations was driven by higher quarterly revenue (up 11 percent), higher alumina shipments (up 8 percent), and higher realized pricing for both alumina (up 7 percent) and aluminum (up 6 percent), along with improved productivity and continued strong growth in major markets served by mid- and down-stream businesses. This was somewhat offset by a weaker U.S. dollar, along with higher energy and materials costs.

Special items in second quarter 2011 included costs associated with restructuring and Alcoa’s recent debt tender offers, somewhat offset by the positive impact of mark-to-market changes on certain power derivative contracts.

Revenue for second quarter 2011 was $6.6 billion, up 27 percent from the year-ago quarter and 11 percent from first quarter 2011.

Compared to first quarter 2011, end market revenue increased in packaging (13 percent), aerospace (6 percent), building and construction (12 percent), commercial transportation (16 percent), industrial products (9 percent), industrial gas turbines (8 percent) and automotive (5 percent).

For the quarter, adjusted EBITDA was $1.04 billion, up 44 percent from the second quarter of 2010 and up 9 percent from first quarter 2011.

Both Flat-Rolled Products and Engineered Products and Solutions segments once again turned in record quarterly performance. Flat-Rolled Products set a record for adjusted EBITDA at $193 million, while Engineered Products and Solutions’ 19 percent adjusted EBITDA margin was an all-time quarterly best.

Alcoa is also well ahead of the Company’s 2011 financial targets. The Company’s debt-to-capital ratio at the end of the quarter was 32.6 percent, a 100 basis-point improvement over first quarter 2011. For the first half of 2011, capital spending was $476 million, on track at 32 percent of the 2011 target. Expenditures on the Ma’aden-Alcoa investment were also on track at $152 million, 38 percent of target. Free cash flow was $526 million in second quarter 2011, putting Alcoa on pace through the first half of the year. The Company ended the quarter with cash on hand of $1.3 billion. Days working capital were reduced from 43 in second quarter 2010 to 37 in second quarter 2011.

For the first half of 2011, revenues were $12.5 billion, up 25 percent over the first half of 2010. Income from continuing operations in the first half of 2011 was $635 million, or $0.56 per share, compared to a loss from continuing operations of $57 million, or $0.06 per share, in the first half of 2010. Net income in the first half of 2011 was $630 million, or $0.55 per share.

Looking ahead, Alcoa projects continued growth in all major end markets on a global basis, including aerospace (7 percent), automotive (4-8 percent), commercial transportation (7-12 percent), packaging (2-3 percent), building and construction (1-3 percent), and industrial gas turbines (5-10 percent). For the year, Alcoa projects aluminum demand to grow 12 percent on top of the 13 percent growth seen in 2010. Alcoa projects that, from a 2010 baseline, aluminum demand will double by 2020 on 6.5 percent annual growth.

Segment Information

Alumina

After-tax operating income (ATOI) in the second quarter was $186 million, an increase of 31 percent compared to first quarter 2011. Adjusted EBITDA rose to $335 million, a sequential increase of 17 percent. A 7 percent improvement in realized alumina price was partially offset by higher raw materials and energy costs, as well as a negative currency impact. Alumina production in the second quarter increased from the previous quarter to a record 4.1 million metric tons (mt).

Primary Metals

ATOI in the second quarter was $201 million, essentially flat from first quarter 2011. During the second quarter, improved realized pricing and profits from restarts at Massena, NY, and Intalco and Wenatchee, WA, were offset by higher energy and raw materials cost, as well as a negative currency impact. Overall primary production increased by 5 percent. Primary Metals continues to trend above its 10-year average performance for EBITDA per metric ton and also improved by $142 per mt over the year-ago quarter.

Flat-Rolled Products

Third-party revenue in the second quarter was $2.1 billion, up 32 percent year-over-year and 10 percent sequentially. ATOI in the second quarter was $99 million, an increase of 23 percent compared to first quarter 2011 and a record quarterly performance. Adjusted EBITDA also came in at a record level of $193 million, up 12 percent sequentially. Sequential ATOI and adjusted EBITDA growth were driven by volume strength along with productivity improvements. Both Russia and China continue to see positive trends, with record ATOI and EBITDA in second quarter 2011 and third-party volumes up 41 percent in Russia and 30 percent in China, compared to second quarter 2010.

Engineered Products and Solutions

Revenue in the second quarter was $1.37 billion, up 22 percent year-over-year and 10 percent sequentially. ATOI in the second quarter was $149 million, up 15 percent from first quarter 2011, driven by increased volume and productivity improvements. Adjusted EBITDA margin came in at a record 19 percent, up 60 basis points from first quarter 2011 and up 180 basis points from second quarter 2010. EPS continues to deliver record results compared to previous years, supported by a strong portfolio of innovative products and productivity improvements.

Alcoa will hold its quarterly conference call at 5:00 PM Eastern Time on July 11, 2011 to present the quarter’s results. The meeting will be webcast via alcoa.com. Call information and related details are available at www.alcoa.com under “Invest.”

About Alcoa

Alcoa is the world’s leading producer of primary and fabricated aluminum, as well as the world’s largest miner of bauxite and refiner of alumina. In addition to inventing the modern-day aluminum industry, Alcoa innovation has been behind major milestones in the aerospace, automotive, packaging, building and construction, commercial transportation, consumer electronics and industrial markets over the past 120 years. Among the solutions Alcoa markets are flat-rolled products, hard alloy extrusions, and forgings, as well as Alcoa® wheels, fastening systems, precision and investment castings, and building systems in addition to its expertise in other light metals such as titanium and nickel-based super alloys. Sustainability is an integral part of Alcoa’s operating practices and the product design and engineering it provides to customers. Alcoa has been a member of the Dow Jones Sustainability Index for nine consecutive years and approximately 75 percent of all of the aluminum ever produced since 1888 is still in active use today. Alcoa employs approximately 61,000 people in 31 countries across the world. More information can be found at www.alcoa.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

This release contains statements that relate to future events and expectations and, as such, constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements include those containing such words as “estimates,” “expects,” “forecasts,” “foresees,” “outlook,” “plans,” “projects,” “should,” “targets,” “will,” or other words of similar meaning. All statements that reflect Alcoa’s expectations, assumptions or projections about the future other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, forecasts concerning global demand for aluminum, aluminum end market growth, aluminum consumption rates, or other trend projections, targeted financial results or operating performance, and statements about Alcoa’s strategies, objectives, goals, targets, outlook, and business and financial prospects. Forward-looking statements are subject to a number of known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors and are not guarantees of future performance. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements include: (a) material adverse changes in aluminum industry conditions, including global supply and demand conditions and fluctuations in London Metal Exchange-based prices for primary aluminum, alumina, and other products; (b) unfavorable changes in general business and economic conditions, in the global financial markets, or in the markets served by Alcoa, including automotive and commercial transportation, aerospace, building and construction, distribution, packaging, oil and gas, defense, and industrial gas turbines; (c) the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates on costs and results, particularly the Australian dollar, Brazilian real, Canadian dollar, and Euro; (d) increases in energy costs, including electricity, natural gas, and fuel oil, or the unavailability or interruption of energy supplies; (e) increases in the costs of other raw materials, including caustic soda or carbon products; (f) Alcoa’s inability to achieve the level of revenue growth, cash generation, cost savings, improvement in profitability and margins, fiscal discipline, or strengthening of operations (including moving its refining and smelting businesses down on the industry cost curve and increasing revenues in its Flat-Rolled Products and Engineered Products and Solutions segments), anticipated from its productivity improvement, cash sustainability, and other initiatives; (g) Alcoa’s inability to realize expected benefits from newly constructed, expanded or acquired facilities or from international joint ventures as planned and by targeted completion dates, including the joint venture in Saudi Arabia or the upstream operations in Brazil; (h) political, economic, and regulatory risks in the countries in which Alcoa operates or sells products, including unfavorable changes in laws and governmental policies, civil unrest, and other events beyond Alcoa’s control; (i) the outcome of contingencies, including legal proceedings, government investigations, and environmental remediation; (j) the business or financial condition of key customers, suppliers, and business partners; (k) changes in tax rates or benefits; and (l) the other risk factors summarized in Alcoa’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010, Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2011 and other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Alcoa disclaims any obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements, whether in response to new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by applicable law.

 
Alcoa and subsidiaries
Statement of Consolidated Operations (unaudited)
(in millions, except per-share, share, and metric ton amounts)
 
  Quarter ended
June 30,   March 31,   June 30,

2010

2011

2011

Sales $ 5,187 $ 5,958 $ 6,585
 
Cost of goods sold (exclusive of expenses below) 4,210 4,715 5,247
Selling, general administrative, and other expenses 208 245 253
Research and development expenses 45 43 46
Provision for depreciation, depletion, and amortization 363 361 375
Restructuring and other charges 30 6 34
Interest expense 119 111 163
Other income, net   (16 )   (28 )   (50 )
Total costs and expenses 4,959 5,453 6,068
 
Income from continuing operations before income taxes 228 505 517
Provision for income taxes   57     138     136  
 
Income from continuing operations 171 367 381
Loss from discontinued operations   (1 )   (1 )   (4 )
 
Net income 170 366 377
 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests   34     58     55  
 
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO ALCOA $ 136   $ 308   $ 322  
 

AMOUNTS ATTRIBUTABLE TO ALCOA COMMON SHAREHOLDERS:

Income from continuing operations $ 137 $ 309 $ 326
Loss from discontinued operations   (1 )   (1 )   (4 )
Net income $ 136   $ 308   $ 322  
 

EARNINGS PER SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO ALCOA COMMON SHAREHOLDERS:

Basic:

Income from continuing operations $ 0.13 $ 0.29 $ 0.31
Loss from discontinued operations           (0.01 )
Net income $ 0.13   $ 0.29   $ 0.30  
 
Diluted:
Income from continuing operations $ 0.13 $ 0.27 $ 0.28
Loss from discontinued operations            
Net income $ 0.13   $ 0.27   $ 0.28  
 
Average number of shares used to compute:
Basic earnings per common share 1,021,064,062 1,051,966,282 1,063,850,843
Diluted earnings per common share 1,116,861,304 1,152,509,018 1,165,059,389
 
Shipments of aluminum products (metric tons) 1,182,000 1,212,000 1,268,000
 
Alcoa and subsidiaries
Statement of Consolidated Operations (unaudited), continued
(in millions, except per-share, share, and metric ton amounts)
 
Six months ended

June 30,

2010

 

2011

Sales $ 10,074 $ 12,543
 
Cost of goods sold (exclusive of expenses below) 8,223 9,962
Selling, general administrative, and other expenses 447 498
Research and development expenses 84 89
Provision for depreciation, depletion, and amortization 721 736
Restructuring and other charges 217 40
Interest expense 237 274
Other expenses (income), net   5     (78 )
Total costs and expenses 9,934 11,521
 
Income from continuing operations before income taxes 140 1,022
Provision for income taxes   141     274  
 
(Loss) income from continuing operations (1 ) 748
Loss from discontinued operations   (8 )   (5 )
 
Net (loss) income (9 ) 743
 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests   56     113  
 
NET (LOSS) INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO ALCOA $ (65 ) $ 630  
 
AMOUNTS ATTRIBUTABLE TO ALCOA COMMON SHAREHOLDERS:
(Loss) income from continuing operations $ (57 ) $ 635
Loss from discontinued operations   (8 )   (5 )
Net (loss) income $ (65 ) $ 630  
 
EARNINGS PER SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO ALCOA COMMON

SHAREHOLDERS:

Basic:
(Loss) income from continuing operations $ (0.06 ) $ 0.60
Loss from discontinued operations       (0.01 )
Net (loss) income $ (0.06 ) $ 0.59  
 
Diluted:
(Loss) income from continuing operations $ (0.06 ) $ 0.56
Loss from discontinued operations       (0.01 )
Net (loss) income $ (0.06 ) $ 0.55  
 
Average number of shares used to compute:
Basic earnings per common share 1,014,138,578 1,057,837,076
Diluted earnings per common share 1,014,138,578 1,158,709,043
 
Common stock outstanding at the end of the period 1,021,204,374 1,064,103,706
 
Shipments of aluminum products (metric tons) 2,316,000 2,480,000
 
Alcoa and subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheet (unaudited)
(in millions)
   
December 31, June 30,

2010

2011

ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 1,543 $   1,260
Receivables from customers, less allowances of

$45 in 2010 and $41 in 2011

1,565 2,083
Other receivables 326 365
Inventories 2,562 3,201
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   873       959  
Total current assets   6,869       7,868  
 
Properties, plants, and equipment 37,446 38,939
Less: accumulated depreciation, depletion, and amortization   17,285       18,216  
Properties, plants, and equipment, net   20,161       20,723  
Goodwill 5,119 5,329
Investments 1,340 1,596
Deferred income taxes 3,184 3,247
Other noncurrent assets 2,521 2,625
Assets held for sale   99       106  
Total assets $ 39,293   $   41,494  
 
LIABILITIES
Current liabilities:
Short-term borrowings $ 92 $ 65
Accounts payable, trade 2,322 2,605
Accrued compensation and retirement costs 929 915
Taxes, including income taxes 461 506
Other current liabilities 1,201 1,199
Long-term debt due within one year   231       510  
Total current liabilities   5,236       5,800  
Long-term debt, less amount due within one year 8,842 8,773
Accrued pension benefits 2,923 2,297
Accrued other postretirement benefits 2,615 2,609
Other noncurrent liabilities and deferred credits 2,560 2,669
Liabilities of operations held for sale   31       29  
Total liabilities   22,207       22,177  
 
EQUITY
Alcoa shareholders’ equity:
Preferred stock 55 55
Common stock 1,141 1,178
Additional capital 7,087 7,522
Retained earnings 11,149 11,714
Treasury stock, at cost (4,146 ) (3,959 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (1,675 )     (910 )
Total Alcoa shareholders' equity   13,611       15,600  
Noncontrolling interests   3,475       3,717  
Total equity   17,086       19,317  
Total liabilities and equity $ 39,293   $   41,494  
 
Alcoa and subsidiaries
Statement of Consolidated Cash Flows (unaudited)
(in millions)
 
Six months ended

June 30,

2010

 

2011

CASH FROM OPERATIONS
Net (loss) income $ (9 ) $ 743
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to cash from operations:
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization 722 736
Deferred income taxes 156 (42 )
Equity income, net of dividends (19 ) (27 )
Restructuring and other charges 217 40
Net loss from investing activities – asset sales 1
Loss from discontinued operations 8 5
Stock-based compensation 50 45
Excess tax benefits from stock-based payment arrangements (1 ) (6 )
Other 81 5
Changes in assets and liabilities, excluding effects of acquisitions, divestitures, and foreign currency translation adjustments:
(Increase) in receivables (570 ) (435 )
(Increase) in inventories (189 ) (519 )
Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses and other current assets 67 (23 )
Increase in accounts payable, trade 1 198
(Decrease) in accrued expenses (246 ) (147 )
Increase in taxes, including income taxes 190 79
Pension contributions (44 ) (103 )
(Increase) in noncurrent assets (4 ) (106 )
Increase in noncurrent liabilities 104 129
(Increase) in net assets held for sale   (20 )   (5 )
CASH PROVIDED FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS 494 568
CASH PROVIDED FROM (USED FOR) DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS   5     (6 )
CASH PROVIDED FROM OPERATIONS   499     562  
 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Net change in short-term borrowings (41 ) (28 )
Net change in commercial paper 74
Additions to long-term debt 83 1,254
Debt issuance costs (7 )
Payments on long-term debt (123 ) (1,095 )
Proceeds from exercise of employee stock options 7 34
Excess tax benefits from stock-based payment arrangements 1 6
Dividends paid to shareholders (63 ) (65 )
Distributions to noncontrolling interests (113 ) (187 )
Contributions from noncontrolling interests 64 128
Acquisitions of noncontrolling interests   (66 )    
CASH (USED FOR) PROVIDED FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES   (177 )   40  
 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Capital expenditures (434 ) (476 )
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (a) 5 (240 )
Proceeds from the sale of assets and businesses (b) (11 ) 1
Additions to investments (159 ) (199 )
Sales of investments 138 5
Other   7     7  
CASH USED FOR INVESTING ACTIVITIES   (454 )   (902 )
 
EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH AND CASH

EQUIVALENTS

 

(5

)

 

17

 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents (137 ) (283 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year   1,481     1,543  
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD $ 1,344   $ 1,260  
 
(a)   Acquisitions, net of cash acquired for the six months ended June 30, 2010 was a cash inflow as this line item includes cash received as a result of post-closing adjustments related to the acquisition of a BHP Billiton subsidiary that holds interests in four bauxite mines and one refining facility in the Republic of Suriname, which was completed on July 31, 2009.
 
(b) Proceeds from the sale of assets and businesses for the six months ended June 30, 2010 was a cash outflow as this line item includes cash paid to settle former customer contracts of the divested Electrical and Electronic Solutions and Automotive Castings businesses.
 
Alcoa and subsidiaries
Segment Information (unaudited)
(dollars in millions, except realized prices; production and shipments in thousands of metric tons [kmt])
             

1Q10

2Q10

3Q10

4Q10

2010

1Q11

2Q11

Alumina:
Alumina production (kmt) 3,866 3,890 4,047 4,119 15,922 4,024 4,144
Third-party alumina shipments (kmt) 2,126 2,264 2,423 2,433 9,246 2,206 2,378
Third-party sales $ 638 $ 701 $ 717 $ 759 $ 2,815 $ 810 $ 926
Intersegment sales $ 591 $ 530 $ 506 $ 585 $ 2,212 $ 633 $ 723
Equity income $ 2 $ 4 $ 1 $ 3 $ 10 $ 3 $ 22
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization $ 92 $ 107 $ 100 $ 107 $ 406 $ 103 $ 112
Income taxes $ 27 $ 41 $ (22 ) $ 14 $ 60 $ 44 $ 60
After-tax operating income (ATOI)   $ 72     $ 94     $ 70     $ 65     $ 301     $ 142     $ 186  
 
Primary Metals:
Aluminum production (kmt) 889 893 891 913 3,586 904 945
Third-party aluminum shipments (kmt) 695 699 708 743 2,845 698 724
Alcoa’s average realized price per metric ton of aluminum

$

2,331

$

2,309

$

2,261

$

2,512

$

2,356

$

2,682

$

2,830

Third-party sales $ 1,702 $ 1,710 $ 1,688 $ 1,970 $ 7,070 $ 1,980 $ 2,145
Intersegment sales $ 623 $ 693 $ 589 $ 692 $ 2,597 $ 839 $ 922
Equity income (loss) $ $ 1 $ $ $ 1 $ 1 $ (1 )
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization $ 147 $ 142 $ 142 $ 140 $ 571 $ 141 $ 142
Income taxes $ 18 $ $ (3 ) $ 81 $ 96 $ 53 $ 55
ATOI   $ 123     $ 109     $ 78     $ 178     $ 488     $ 202     $ 201  
 
Flat-Rolled Products:
Third-party aluminum shipments (kmt) 379 420 448 411 1,658 446 473
Third-party sales $ 1,435 $ 1,574 $ 1,645 $ 1,623 $ 6,277 $ 1,892 $ 2,085
Intersegment sales $ 46 $ 40 $ 46 $ 48 $ 180 $ 69 $ 62
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization $ 59 $ 57 $ 57 $ 65 $ 238 $ 58 $ 60
Income taxes $ 18 $ 28 $ 26 $ 20 $ 92 $ 33 $ 35
ATOI   $ 30     $ 71     $ 66     $ 53     $ 220     $ 81     $ 99  
 
Engineered Products and Solutions:
Third-party aluminum shipments (kmt) 46 50 51 50 197 55 57
Third-party sales $ 1,074 $ 1,122 $ 1,173 $ 1,215 $ 4,584 $ 1,247 $ 1,370
Equity income $ 1 $ $ 1 $ $ 2 $ 1 $
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization $ 41 $ 38 $ 37 $ 38 $ 154 $ 38 $ 41
Income taxes $ 31 $ 48 $ 63 $ 53 $ 195 $ 62 $ 72
ATOI   $ 81     $ 107     $ 114     $ 113     $ 415     $ 130     $ 149  
 
Reconciliation of ATOI to consolidated net (loss) income attributable to Alcoa:
Total segment ATOI $ 306 $ 381 $ 328 $ 409 $ 1,424 $ 555 $ 635
Unallocated amounts (net of tax):
Impact of LIFO (14 ) (3 ) (2 ) 3 (16 ) (24 ) (27 )
Interest expense (77 ) (77 ) (91 ) (76 ) (321 ) (72 ) (106 )
Noncontrolling interests (22 ) (34 ) (48 ) (34 ) (138 ) (58 ) (55 )
Corporate expense (67 ) (59 ) (71 ) (94 ) (291 ) (67 ) (76 )
Restructuring and other charges (122 ) (21 ) 1 8 (134 ) (6 ) (22 )
Discontinued operations (7 ) (1 ) (8 ) (1 ) (4 )
Other     (198 )     (50 )     (56 )     42       (262 )     (19 )     (23 )
Consolidated net (loss) income attributable to Alcoa  

$

(201

)

 

$

136

   

$

61

   

$

258

   

$

254

   

$

308

   

$

322

 
 
The difference between certain segment totals and consolidated amounts is in Corporate.
 
Alcoa and subsidiaries
Calculation of Financial Measures (unaudited)
(dollars in millions)
 
Adjusted EBITDA   Quarter ended

June 30,
2010

 

March 31,
2011

 

June 30,
2011

 
Net income attributable to Alcoa $ 136 $ 308 $ 322
 
Add:
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests 34 58 55
Loss from discontinued operations 1 1 4
Provision for income taxes 57 138 136
Other income, net (16 ) (28 ) (50 )
Interest expense 119 111 163
Restructuring and other charges 30 6 34
Provision for depreciation, depletion, and amortization   363     361     375  
 
Adjusted EBITDA $ 724   $ 955   $ 1,039  
 
Alcoa’s definition of Adjusted EBITDA (Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization) is net margin plus an add-back for depreciation, depletion, and amortization. Net margin is equivalent to Sales minus the following items: Cost of goods sold; Selling, general administrative, and other expenses; Research and development expenses; and Provision for depreciation, depletion, and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. Management believes that this measure is meaningful to investors because Adjusted EBITDA provides additional information with respect to Alcoa’s operating performance and the Company’s ability to meet its financial obligations. The Adjusted EBITDA presented may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

         
Free Cash Flow Quarter ended

June 30,
2010

   

March 31,
2011

   

June 30,
2011

 
Cash provided from operations $ 300 $ (236 ) $ 798
 
Capital expenditures  

(213

)

 

(204

)

 

(272

)

 
 
Free cash flow $ 87   $ (440 ) $ 526  
 
Free Cash Flow is a non-GAAP financial measure. Management believes that this measure is meaningful to investors because management reviews cash flows generated from operations after taking into consideration capital expenditures due to the fact that these expenditures are considered necessary to maintain and expand Alcoa’s asset base and are expected to generate future cash flows from operations. It is important to note that Free Cash Flow does not represent the residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures since other non-discretionary expenditures, such as mandatory debt service requirements, are not deducted from the measure.

Alcoa and subsidiaries

Calculation of Financial Measures (unaudited), continued

(in millions, except per-share amounts)

   
Adjusted Income

Quarter ended
June 30, 2011

Income

 

Diluted
EPS

 
Net income attributable to Alcoa $ 322 $ 0.28
 
Loss from discontinued operations   (4 )
 
Income from continuing operations attributable to Alcoa

326

0.28

 
Restructuring and other charges 16
 
Other special items*   22  
 
Income from continuing operations attributable to Alcoa – as adjusted

$

364

 

0.32

 
Income from continuing operations attributable to Alcoa – as adjusted is a non-GAAP financial measure. Management believes that this measure is meaningful to investors because management reviews the operating results of Alcoa excluding the impacts of restructuring and other charges, discrete tax items, and other special items (collectively, "special items"). There can be no assurances that additional special items will not occur in future periods. To compensate for this limitation, management believes that it is appropriate to consider both Income from continuing operations attributable to Alcoa determined under GAAP as well as Income from continuing operations attributable to Alcoa – as adjusted.

 
* Other special items include the following: a net charge comprised of expenses for the early repayment of Notes set to mature in 2013 due to the premiums paid under the tender offers and call option and gains from the termination of related “in-the-money” interest rate swaps ($32) and favorable mark-to-market changes in certain power derivative contracts ($10).
 
Alcoa and subsidiaries
Calculation of Financial Measures (unaudited), continued
(dollars in millions, except per metric ton amounts)
     
Segment Measures Alumina Primary Metals Flat-Rolled Products Engineered Products and Solutions

Adjusted EBITDA

Quarter ended

March 31,

2011

 

June 30,

2011

June 30,

2010

 

March 31,

2011

 

June 30,

2011

March 31,

2011

 

June 30,

2011

June 30,

2010

 

March 31,

2011

 

June 30,

2011

 
After-tax operating income (ATOI) $ 142 $ 186 $ 109 $ 202 $ 201 $ 81 $ 99 $ 107 $ 130 $ 149
 
Add:
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization

103

112

142

141

142

58

60

38

38

41

Equity (income) loss

(3

)

(22

)

(1

)

(1

)

1

(1

)

Income taxes 44 60 53 55 33 35 48 62 72
Other       (1 )       1       1   (1 )           (1 )
 
Adjusted EBITDA

$

286

 

$

335

 

$

250

 

$

396

 

$

399

$

173

$

193

 

$

193

 

$

229

 

$

261

 
 
Production (thousand metric tons) (kmt)

893

904

945

 
Adjusted EBITDA / Production ($ per metric ton)

$

280

$

438

$

422

 
Total sales $ 1,122 $ 1,247 $ 1,370
 
Adjusted EBITDA Margin

17.2

%

18.4

%

19.0

%

 
Alcoa’s definition of Adjusted EBITDA (Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization) is net margin plus an add-back for depreciation, depletion, and amortization. Net margin is equivalent to Sales minus the following items: Cost of goods sold; Selling, general administrative, and other expenses; Research and development expenses; and Provision for depreciation, depletion, and amortization. The Other line in the table above includes gains/losses on asset sales and other nonoperating items. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. Management believes that this measure is meaningful to investors because Adjusted EBITDA provides additional information with respect to Alcoa’s operating performance and the Company’s ability to meet its financial obligations. The Adjusted EBITDA presented may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.