Alcoa in Australia
Alcoa’s Australian operations represent one of the world’s largest integrated bauxite mining, alumina refining and aluminium smelting systems and add value to Australia’s local, state and national economies at every stage.
Alcoa of Australia's operations support around 4,600 direct jobs, predominantly in regional Australia. These include:
- Two bauxite mines in Western Australia (Huntly and Willowdale);
- Three alumina refineries in Western Australia (Kwinana, Pinjarra and Wagerup);
- One aluminium smelter in Victoria (Portland Aluminium; Point Henry Smelter closed in 2014);
- Two dedicated port facilities in Western Australia (Kwinana and Bunbury);
- Three Alcoa Farmlands sites in Western Australia (Pinjarra, Wagerup and Boddington);
- The Marrinup Nursery in Western Australia (for our WA mine site rehabilitation); and
- Dampier to Bunbury Natural Gas Pipeline in Western Australia (20 per cent ownership).
Alcoa’s other operations in Australia are Alcoa Wheel Products Australia which distributes aluminium truck wheels and Alcoa Fastening Systems & Rings Australia which manufactures and distributes specialist fasteners.
Alcoa of Australia Limited is 60 per cent owned by Alcoa Inc. and 40 per cent by Alumina Limited. Alcoa Wheel Products Australia and Alcoa Fastening Systems & Rings Australia are owned 100 per cent by Alcoa Inc.
Alcoa of Australia is part of the primary aluminium production business, with the process starting at the Huntly and Willowdale bauxite mines in the Darling Range south of Perth. The Huntly Mine is the world’s largest bauxite mine. These two mines supply bauxite to Alcoa’s alumina refineries at Kwinana, Pinjarra and Wagerup. The refineries extract alumina from the bauxite. Some of the alumina is exported, while the remainder is shipped to Alcoa's smelter in Victoria.
Our aluminium smelter, Portland Aluminium in Portland, smelts alumina into aluminium ingots. Portland Aluminium is an unincorporated joint venture project between Alcoa of Australia Limited (45%) (Alcoa), Eastern Aluminium (Portland) Pty Ltd (10%) (EAPL), CITIC Nominees Pty Limited (22.5%) (Citic) and Marubeni Aluminium Australia Pty Ltd (22.5%) (Marubeni) (“Portland Joint Venture (PJV)”). Eastern Aluminium (Portland) Pty Ltd is a wholly owned subsidiary of Alcoa of Australia Limited. Alcoa Portland Aluminium Pty Ltd (Alcoa Portland) (also a wholly owned subsidiary of Alcoa) manages the smelter.
In 2013, Alcoa of Australia mined 31.4 million bone dry metric tonnes of bauxite. Each year there is capacity to refine approximately nine million tonnes of alumina and produce 358,000 tonnes of aluminium.
Alcoa produces almost 42 per cent of Australia’s alumina and approximately 18 per cent of Australia’s aluminium. Our alumina production in Western Australia accounts for almost 10 per cent of total world demand.
Aluminium … part of our everyday lives
Did you know that aluminium is part of our everyday lives, all around us, all the time. It’s used in trains, planes, cars and buses, laptops, mobile phones, DVDs, building construction, outdoor furniture, screw cap bottle tops, beverage cans, aluminium foil and so much more.
Contributing to the Australian Economy
Alcoa has been investing in Australia for more than 50 years. Our total investment to date is greater than $12 billion.
Each year, more than 75 per cent of our total revenue stays in Australia through wages, local purchasing, taxes, capital investment and dividends to Australian shareholders.
Alcoa is one of Australia’s leading exporters, contributing around $5 billion in exports per year.
Significant tax expenses, income tax and royalties are paid to government each year, in addition to the hundreds of millions of dollars we pay to suppliers and employees.
Read more at www.alcoa.com.au/sustainability.
Underpinning Energy Infrastructure
Alcoa is a 20 per cent owner in the Dampier to Bunbury Natural Gas Pipeline which delivers energy supplies to businesses and communities in the South West of Western Australia.
Alcoa has in the past contributed $40 million to natural gas exploration and development opportunities in Western Australia including Empire Oil and Gas and Latent Petroleum (now Transerv Energy).
The construction of Portland Aluminium in the 1980s enabled the Victorian State Government to develop the Loy Yang Power complex, allowing Victorian industry and households to enjoy the economic benefits of access to low cost energy. Portland Aluminium was the catalyst for the construction of a high voltage line from Geelong to Portland and an interstate interconnector between Victoria and South Australia.
Read more at www.alcoa.com.au/energy.
Partnering Stronger Communities
Each year Alcoa invests around $4 million in community partnerships. Our investment is driven by a commitment to sustainable development and a desire to support reputable not-for-profit and community-based organisations that deliver long-term community benefits.
The Alcoa Foundation funds additional community partnerships and since 1952 it has contributed more than $550 million globally to the communities where we operate.
Read more at www.alcoa.com.au/community.
Leader in Environmental Management
Alcoa is a recognised world leader in mine site rehabilitation and was the first mining company in the world to achieve 100 per cent of plant species richness in our rehabilitated mine site areas in Western Australia.
Alcoa was also the first mining company in the world to be recognised by the United Nations Environmental Program by inclusion in its Global 500 Roll of Honour.
Read more at www.alcoa.com.au/environment.
Part of the Solution to Climate Change
Alcoa has taken a voluntary global leadership position on addressing climate change and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In 2003, Alcoa worldwide achieved its target of reducing global direct greenhouse gas emissions by 25 per cent from a base year of 1990. Since 2003, this has been further reduced to 40 per cent below 1990 levels.
In the critical transportation industry, our research in lifecycle modelling has shown that by 2030 the emissions of the entire aluminium industry can be offset by the potential emission savings from the transport sector's increased use of aluminium.
Read more at www.alcoa.com.au/climatechange.
Note: You are visiting Alcoa of Australia's website which mainly details the business of Alcoa of Australia and to some extent Alcoa Inc.